Lima, Peru: The City

Lima is Peru's capital, and also its biggest and most populated city. It is located in the central coast of the country, on the Pacific seaside, where it makes up the continuous urban area known as Metropolitan Lima, extending over the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac y Lurín rivers, in the Lima and Callao provinces.

It was founded by the spanish conqueror Francisco Pizarro on January the 18th, 1535, as «The City of Kings». It was the capital of viceroyalty of Peru during the spanish regime and after the independence became the capital of the Republic of Peru

According to the 2007 census, Metropolitan Lima has a population of 8.5 million - with more that 7.6 million people residing in the Lima province - which represents 30% of the population of Peru, making it the biggest metropolis of Peru, and also the fifth most populated city in Latin America and one the 30 metropolitan areas of the world.